The last decade witnessed India’s emergence as a significant world player. Our country is expected to become a super power by the year 2025. Even at the time of the global economic crisis India was capable to keep itself out of the danger zone by tackling the issues efficiently. The industrial growth has contributed towards the revival of the urban areas of the country. The efforts like JNNURM etc. are expected to boost the quality of life and provide better living conditions for the urban poor. Also the economic growth rate of India is also gives hope for a better future. While thinking about the Integrated Development of the country, the regional disparities are still largely prevalent. Especially the rural areas of the country are lagging behind as a result of the lack of various components like livelihood options, infrastructure, technologies and skills. The identification of backward districts and strengthening of the Local Self Governments System through the Backward Region Grant Fund (BRGF) and employment and income generation programme like Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS) and Swarnajayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY) etc. has provided the elected representatives and rural folks with a new outlook and experience of  development. The phenomenon of climate change has delivered unprecedented impacts over the agricultural production of the country. With reference to Himachal Pradesh, the apple production has been shifted to the upper regions. There is a dire need for alternative livelihood options. The interventions by the National and State Governments to preserve and make judicious use of our Natural Resources are very crucial with regard to the future development process. The integrated approaches like watershed programmes are necessity of the hour. The Capacity Building of various stake holders who are expected to play significant roles in the future development process is of much important to eradicate the poverty. Above all, ensuring the basic facilities and fundamental rights to the citizens without rural-urban differences is the most important requirement.